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AFRICAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH ECONOMICS - Volume 3 Issue 2, December 2014

Pages: 1-16

Date of Publication: 12-Dec-2014

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Empirical Analysis of Economic Burden of Ill-Health on Household Productivity in Nigeria

Author: Bashir Adelowo Wahab and Timothy Olukunle Oni

Category: Review & Research


This study assessed the economic burden of ill-health on household productivity in Ilorin-West Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. The study used cost of illness approach to evaluate the burden of malaria, typhoid fever and malnutrition which are considered as the major infections in the study area. 177 households were selected through multi-stage random sampling technique and household survey questionnaire (HSQ) was used for data collection. The data were analyzed using both descriptive and ordinary least square regression techniques.

The results showed that households incurred an average cost of ?300.69 to spiritualist, ?330.35 to self-medication and ?1,940 to clinic for malaria treatment. For typhoid fever treatment, households spent an average cost of ?270 to spiritualist, ?361.16 for self-medication and ?2,848.95 for clinic, while for malnutrition treatment within the period of incapacitation; households incurred an average cost of ?417.50 to spiritualist, ?339.25 for self-medication and #2,030.42 for clinic. While at the same time households lost an average of 4minutes to get treatment against malaria from spiritualist, 6 minutes for self-medication and 4,556minutes for clinic. For typhoid, households lost an average of 5 minutes to get treatment from spiritualist, 4 minutes for self-medication and 5,185minutes at clinic. Finally, for malnutrition treatment, households lost an average of 8minutes for spiritualist, 7minutes for self-medication and 1,757 minutes for clinical treatment. Analysis of regression results showed that there is a long-term negative relationship between burden of ill-health and household productivity.

There is therefore the need for interventions in form of mobilizing resources, formulating and implementing policies and programmes that will promote awareness and measures that ensure effective prevention and control of these pandemic diseases. Not only this but also that hospital and clinics should be easily accessible, readily available and affordable to the households in order to meet their health needs.

Keywords: Ill-health; Diseases; Cost of Illness; Economic Burden; and Household Productivity



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