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      <JournalTitle>African Journal of Health Economics</JournalTitle>
      <Volume-Issue>Volume 7 Issue 1</Volume-Issue>
      <Season>June 2018</Season>
      <ArticleType>Review &amp; Research</ArticleType>
      <ArticleTitle>Determinants of utilization of modern health facilities in C__ampersandsignocirc;te d__ampersandsign#39;Ivoire: evidence from a national household survey.</ArticleTitle>
          <FirstName>ATTIA KONAN AKISSI</FirstName>
      <Abstract>Background: There are numerous inequalities in access to health care that persist in most countries and that are alarming in sub-Saharan Africa. Access to quality care determines how people use care and how they use modern health services. This article examines the various patterns of use of healthcare and the factors that determine the use of modern health services in the three residential areas of Abidjan, the capital city, urban and rural areas.&#13;
Methods: We used data from the national household living standards survey conducted in 2015. Extraction from sociodemographic, economic data, reported morbidity and use of modern, traditional and mixed care during the 4 weeks preceding the survey have been made. A one-way analysis helped identify the factors associated with the use of modern care as well as a multi-faceted analysis that served for identifying the determinants of such access. Pearson__ampersandsign#39;s Chi2 Test, Odds ratios and confidence intervals were calculated and the significance of the tests was set at 0.05.&#13;
Findings: Out of a total l of 12,899 households and 47,635 individuals interviewed, 3084, 2083 and 609 have reported illness in rural, urban and Abidjan respectively. In rural, urban and economic capital areas, the majority of people used modern health care (53.8%, 58.5% and 61.6% respectively). Renunciation to care was 31% overall. Demographic, economic and health characteristics were identified as predicting the use of modern care in the three residential areas. Age was most strongly associated with Abidjan (OR=7.29 for children under 5 years of age and OR= 4.92 for those of 5 to 14 years old). Single people, compared to married people used less modern care with ORs of 0.52, 0.59 and 0.60 in both Abidjan and in urban and rural areas. Compared to the richest quintile, the two poorest quintiles had even less use of modern care in urban (OR=0.43 and 0.53) and rural (OR=0.54 and 0.66) areas. In urban areas and Abidjan, the transfer of insurance costs to an insurance company or a relative (OR=3.41 and OR=2.71), and the existence of a chronic disease (OR=1.85 and OR=2) increased the use of modern care. The long distance to a health facility reduced this use in rural areas (OR=0.71).&#13;
Conclusion: This work has highlighted predictors of healthcare use that could serve as a driving force for action against social inequalities of health. It also shows the need to improve the understanding of the social factors at both collective and individual level that determine care utilization behaviors as financial barriers and geographical access difficulties are overcome.</Abstract>
      <Keywords>Healthcare seeking behavior,Healthcare utilization,Modern health care,Ivory Coast</Keywords>
        <Abstract>https://ajhe.org.in/ubijournal-v1copy/journals/abstract.php?article_id=6087&amp;title=Determinants of utilization of modern health facilities in C__ampersandsignocirc;te d__ampersandsign#39;Ivoire: evidence from a national household survey.</Abstract>
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